AnthonyB

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  1. If only one exit, regardless of width, then you are restricted to 60 persons. This is your guidance https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/422195/9294_Small_Mediumt_v2.pdf "At least two exits should be provided if a room/area is to be occupied by more than 60 persons."
  2. https://www.gov.uk/workplace-fire-safety-your-responsibilities/fire-risk-assessments Fire risk assessments As the responsible person you must carry out and regularly review a fire risk assessment of the premises. This will identify what you need to do to prevent fire and keep people safe. You must keep a written record of your fire risk assessment if your business has 5 or more people. Carrying out the assessment Identify the fire hazards. Identify people at risk. Evaluate, remove or reduce the risks. Record your findings, prepare an emergency plan and provide training. Review and update the fire risk assessment regularly. The fire safety risk assessment chart gives more detailed information about these steps. You’ll need to consider: emergency routes and exits fire detection and warning systems fire fighting equipment the removal or safe storage of dangerous substances an emergency fire evacuation plan the needs of vulnerable people, for example the elderly, young children or those with disabilities providing information to employees and other people on the premises staff fire safety training Help with the assessment You can do the fire risk assessment yourself with the help of standard fire safety risk assessment guides. If you don’t have the expertise or time to do the fire risk assessment yourself you need to appoint a ‘competent person’ to help, for example a professional risk assessor. Your local fire and rescue authority might be able to give you advice if you’re not sure your risk assessment’s been carried out properly. However, they can’t carry out risk assessments for you. Assessment guides You can download the following guides on risk assessments in: offices and shops factories and warehouses sleeping accommodation residential care premises educational premises small and medium places of assembly (holding 300 people or less) large places of assembly (holding more than 300 people) theatres, cinemas and similar premises open air events and venues healthcare premises animal premises and stables transport premises and facilities You can also find guidance on: risk assessments if you work in construction purpose-built blocks of flats and other types of housing if you’re a landlord
  3. First you need a refresher course, then liability & efficacy insurance, a full set of tools, consumables, service labels, etc, initial stock and an account with as trade supplier (expect to pay up front at first unless you've got decent credit references). Some contracts will require you to be third party certified, most won't. Membership of one of the trade associations can be of help. I'd do some course to up-skill to offer other fire safety services as well, if you aren't going to be one of the many cowboys you will struggle to make a lot of money just doing extinguishers these days.
  4. Very dangerous for whoever did that to leave the extinguishers installed without the pressure charges as whilst obsolete somebody may see them and assume they may work - in 1982 they were still serviceable so it's likely they've been stripped in more recent years. Still collectable if in good order as the charges are still in circulation to restore them.
  5. As you will need to go through Building Control to carry out these works legitimately your BCO or AI will advise. It may be possible to have a single exit based on travel distance, but without seeing the plans I cannot say for sure.
  6. They need to carry out a fire risk assessment in order to comply with the Fire Safety Order. If you get a competent person to do it they will be able to advise. It's not just about numbers of persons, but travel distances and the provision of the external stair in the first place may well have been due to this. Travel distances, fire alarm systems, fire compartmentation & protection of escape routes, stair and door widths, etc are all relevant factors - if you have a suitable and sufficient FRA it will all be considered.
  7. Electromagnetic locks should release on power failure (but many have back up power supplies to prevent this), via a fire alarm interface and by a green 'break glass' override (looks like a green version of a fire alarm call point, but is a double pole isolator to drop the power to the magnet). BS7273-4 is the relevant British Standard.
  8. The Model E4000 contauins a Nu Swift exclusive extinguishing agent - Uni-Flash liquid and is 75% 1-1-1 Trichloroethane and 25% Bromomethane. It was developed as a cheaper alternative to Chlorobromoethane (CBM) which was the post World War 2 alternative to the commonly used Carbon Tetrachloride (CTC). CBM was less toxic and more effective than CTC, but far more expensive so many customers stuck to CTC - Uni flash liquid was intended to be an option that was less toxic & more effective than CTC without being too expensive. Uni Flash liquid was soon overtaken in the late 60's by the invention of BCF/Halon 1211 which replaced all existing vapourising liquids being far superior in effectiveness and low toxicity, although Nu Swift continued to offer it for many years after until the early 80's. It's main use was for electrical fires, machinery/vehicle fires and small liquid fires. The contents are toxic and teratogenic in their own right and the by products of discharge on a fire are also toxic. The contents are also destructive to the environment and in 2003 general use of these and other halons became an offence as a ban was introduced. Nu Swift were infamous for their silver tongued salesmen who would say all sorts of things to justify their prices and to get a sale and 50 years life is one example (Nu Swift service engineers themselves would have condemned them at 10 years old!) These extinguishers should have been annually serviced and every 10 years discharge tested and recharged and should have be taken out of service many years ago. Where is the farm? If anywhere within my area of work I'd replace them free as I would put them in my fire extinguisher museum.
  9. Fire escape routes are generally required to be 'protected routes' so that they cannot be affected by fire and smoke until well after sufficient time has elapsed for everyone to escape. There are two principles to the protection - that of protection from the effects of fire adjoining the route, dealt with by the use of fire resisting construction and doors to the route; and that of protection from a fire originating in the route itself, dealt with by the route being 'sterile' and containing no ignition sources beyond simple electrical fittings and no combustibles beyond wall and floor linings (which themselves usually should be low or non flammable). Drying machines are a known fire risk and have over the years been involved in many fires, including injury and fatality fires, in domestic and commercial premises and so would understandably be unacceptable on an escape route. Whilst detection is fitted the heat output and smoke that would be in the escape route by the time it activates could well be such that the route is untenable or at least presents a significant risk of injury trying to pass it.
  10. If it's a fire escape window I would remove the restrictor now as otherwise you won't be getting out in a hurry!
  11. Contact your local Council Planning Department as there will be requirements with Planning Permission and Building Regulations. https://www.planningportal.co.uk/
  12. No, only where a repair or alteration is required.
  13. They should all be fire doors including the other flats. The Management Company should be enforcing this to everyone, not just you.
  14. It's not more cost effective for the customer to scrap CO2 at 10 years - there is is still an appreciable price saving on exchanging for an overhauled unit. Suppliers like replacing new as they get the margins on a new sale and unlike other types of extinguisher which they have to pay to legally dispose of they actually can get credit back on old CO2 extinguishers. CO2 extinguishers do not require a 5 year Extended Service and only require annual Basic Services until the 10th year at which point it requires an Overhaul and should be service exchanged. The chances of it being actually an Obsolete Model are extremely remote if it's as recent as you say, unless they are saying it because it's steel bodied, which is completely untrue as well..... If you send me a photo of the extinguisher in question I can give definitive advice: anthony.buck@alcumusgroup.com
  15. If your flats are purpose built the current guidance is actually the LGA Guide Fire safety in purpose-built flats: http://www.local.gov.uk/sites/default/files/documents/fire-safety-purpose-built-04b.pdf The sleeping risk guide remains relevant for hotels, boarding houses, etc. First thing you can do is dispense with the communal domestic single station smoke alarms which serve no real purpose and are non compliant anyway.